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SAT阅读中常见的法律语言及词汇

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大家在做阅读的时候都不想遇到那种专业性词汇,因为大家对这类词汇通常是比较陌生的。比如SAT阅读中的文献类篇章,这类文章中的内容经常涉及政治、法律相关问题,以及一些对应的词汇,这些词汇就是我们比较陌生的。下面成都SAT要和大家带来的分享就是SAT阅读中常见的法律语言及词汇。

SAT阅读中常见的法律语言及词汇.jpeg

1、例句:The river flows beneath; barges pass, laden with timber, bursting with corn; there on one side are the domes and spires of the city; on the other, Westminster and the Houses of Parliament.

重要词汇:

Westminster: 英国伦敦的一个自治市,亦指英国的议会大厦

the Houses of Parliament: 议会大厦

关于英国的议会,我们需要知道:它是英国的立法机关,由上院和下院组成。

上院:House of Lords, responsible for checking and shaping draft laws and challenging the work of government(职能主要是审查法律草案以及挑战政府行为)

下院:House of Commons, a democratically elected house which makes laws and checks the work of the government(民主选举产生,职能主要是制定法律和监督政府行为)

2、例句:I urge a sixteenth amendment (to the U.S. Constitution), because "manhood suffrage"  or a man's government, is civil, religious, and social disorganization.

重要词汇:

amendment: n. 修订;修正案

constitution: n. 宪法

suffrage: n.  the right to vote in political elections 选举权

关于选举权的问题,会涉及woman suffrage女性选举权,是美国女权运动中非常重要的一个部分。作为文献类篇章常考的女权运动话题的一部分,我们可以对这个话题进行一些背景信息的了解。

Ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted American women the right to vote—a right known as woman suffrage. At the time the U.S. was founded, its female citizens did not share all of the same rights as men, including the right to vote. It was not until 1848 that the movement for women’s rights launched on a national level with a convention in Seneca Falls, New York, organized by abolitionists Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) and Lucretia Mott (1793-1880). Following the convention, the demand for the vote became a centerpiece of the women’s rights movement. Stanton and Mott, along with Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) and other activists, formed organizations that raised public awareness and lobbied the government to grant voting rights to women. After a 70-year battle, these groups finally emerged victorious with the passage of the 19th Amendment.

重要词汇:

ratify: v. to approve and sanction formally 正式批准

convention:

n. 大会;(国家间的)公约/协定;惯例/习俗

e.g. Geneva Convention日内瓦公约

grant:v. to permit as a right授予

passage:n. the passing of a legislative measure or law(法律、法案等的)通过

3、其他常见的一些法律词汇还有

act:n. 法令

bill:n. 法案

code:

n. 法典

e.g. The Civil Code民法典;The Code of Hammurabi汉谟拉比法典

treaty:n. 条约

enact:v. 颁布

sentence:v. 判决

verdict:n. 裁定;判决书

repudiate:v. 拒绝履行

appeal:v. 上诉

prosecute:v. 起诉

judicial: adj. 司法的

remedy:n. 救济手段

以上就是成都SAT为大家带来的SAT阅读中常见的法律语言及词汇的分享,大家下来可以了解积累哦,大家在平时的备考过程中也要注意日常的积累,不仅仅是法律相关的,其他阅读中会遇到的也是大家需要关注的哦。更多分享欢迎大家继续关注新航道成都学校。

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